Criticism & Features

Craft of Criticism

The Craft of Criticism: An Interview with Becca Rothfeld

By Fran Bigman














In this Q&A series, The Craft of Criticism, NBCC members Tara Cheesman and Fran Bigman ask book critics and review editors for their thoughts about contemporary criticism. If you’re interested in being interviewed for the series,please get in touch at and

Becca Rothfeld writes essays and book reviews for the TLS, The Nation, The New York Times Book Review, Bookforum, and The New Republic, among others. She is a PhD candidate in philosophy at Harvard.

What's one recent piece you've written that you’re especially fond of and why?

I'm especially fond of the review of Berlin Alexanderplatz that I wrote for Bookforum this past January, mostly because I love Döblin so much, and it's always a pleasure (if a challenge of especially high stakes) to write about someone you love. 

What are a few recent pieces of criticism that you especially enjoyed?

I'm habitually indecisive, so I'll give you two for the price of one: I loved Patricia Lockwood's essay about Rachel Cusk in the LRB, and I loved Christian Lorentzen's review of James Wood's novel Upstate in New York. The former because it's so fluid and intimate, and the latter because it's a lucid, smart, and above all fair meditation on James's contributions as a critic—and by extension, on the state of the union, which James did so much to establish. For my money, James and Christian are two of the best critics working today, and it's a rare privilege to see a sort of discussion sprout up between them.  

What's one of your main goals when you write criticism?

I regard my criticism as a demand for the perfection that novels, in virtue of their magic, owe us. Simone Weil once wrote in a letter to a friend, “It seems to me certain that this constitutes a serious imperfection in you. And why should there be any imperfection in you? it does not suit you in the least to be imperfect. It is like a wrong note in a beautiful song.” Literature is the only thing I've ever encountered that has the capacity to be perfect, so I expect it to be perfect. So in the happiest instances, my reviews are really just love letters. 

What's one way you think the role of criticism is changing?

The answer that everyone expects to this sort of question is something about the internet, which is shrinking attention spans and changing our reading habits in all the obvious ways. But I suspect that the fluffy distractions have always outnumbered the difficult beauties, and I can't imagine it was ever easy to distinguish the music from the noise. So the truth is, I don't think the role of criticism ever changes: it's always to been to hold art to rigorous, ruthless standards, and of course to produce artifacts of humor and beauty in their own right. What does change is the culture in which the criticism is practiced. We have the misfortune of living in an anti-intellectual and indefatigably cheerful culture. So careful criticism—criticism that refuses to pander or sugarcoat or compromise its standards-—can lead by harsh example. 

What's a good place to be writing criticism for right now? How about a good place to be reading criticism? 

I love writing for Bookforum and the TLS because the editing at both publications is tops. Incidentally, they're both great to read. I also love LRB, and I especially love The Point.

Do you consume or write reviews in less traditional forms than online/print, like social media, podcasts, video?

No, I'm a reader through and through! It's a privilege of a literary critic to write in a medium continuous with what she reviews, which makes her job easier than the job of, e.g., a music critic. Probably the best rejoinder or homage to a piece of music is another piece of music. Besides, I'm Jewish, so if I flee a text, it's always to another text. I'm glad there's no outside the text because there's nowhere extra-textual I'd ever like to go. 

Is there a specific author or publisher you’re paying particularly attention to because you feel they’re doing something new and/or innovative?

I love NYRB Classics. I feel that there's a lot of glib, flashy experimentation in circulation today, and NYRB Classics is reliably resistant to all the trend-chasing. I also love the Spanish author Javier Marias. A lot of contemporary literature is detached and vacant, full of choppy and sparse prose, and Marias writes really rich, long, lavish sentences. I also love Helen DeWitt, for similar reasons. She's so smart and so unfashionably-—but wonderfully, brilliantly-—maximalist. 

Fran Bigman is a freelance writer living in New York City. She has a PhD in English from the University of Cambridge, and she has written about books for the Washington Post, the Times Literary Supplement, Lit Hub, Words Without Borders, and You can find her on Twitter @franbig.